54.50 S, 158.95 E
summit elevation 433 m
Macquarie Island is a Tasmanian State Reserve managed by the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service. Australia.
It is a site of major geoconservation significance, being the only place on earth where rocks from the earth's mantle (6 km below the ocean floor) are being actively exposed above sea-level. Macquarie Island is a World Heritage listed site.
Captain Frederick Hasselborough of the brig Perseverance who sighted the island on 11 July 1810. He noted a wreck "of ancient design" on the island, possibly indicating Polynesian navigators had reached there before.
Australia's Sir Douglas Mawson established the island's first scientific station in 1911. Macquarie Island ANARE station was established on 25 March 1948 and has been operating continuously ever since.
Macquarie Island is on the Macquarie Ridge at the junction of the Pacific and Indo-Australian plates, 1500 km SE of Hobart, Tasmania. Large earthquakes (6 or greater on the Richter scale) occur approximately once a year.
10 million years ago.
Undersea eruptions ceased then island was uplifted in the past 600 to 700 thousand years.