Volcanoes of Africa - John Seach


The African tectonic plate covers all of the continent of Africa. Major volcanic regions are the afar triangle, which is located at a triple junction in the north east, and the Great Rift Valley, which extends from Syria in the middle east to Mozambique in the south.

The East African Rift comprises two volcanic regions. The Western Rift, (Albertine Rift), is bounded by some of the highest mountains in Africa, including the Virunga Mountains, Mitumba Mountains, and Ruwenzori Range. It contains the Rift Valley lakes. The eastern Rift Valley extends from Tanzania through Kenya to Ethiopia.

The Cameroon line is a chain of volcanoes formed by rifting from Annobón, Bioko, Príncipe and São Tomé in the Atlantic Ocean, through Cameroon towards Lake Chad.