Menengai Crater, Kenya
0.20 S, 36.07 E
summit elevation 2278 m
Menengai volcano is located on the floor of the Rift Valley, 24 km south of the equator, immediately north of Nakuru. It is one of five recent volcanoes in the central Kenya Rift valley. The volcano was formed about 200,000 years ago with the growth of a 30 cubic km volume lava shield.
The 12 x 8 km caldera formed 8000 years ago. More than 70 post caldera lava flows cover the caldera floor. Cinder cones are rare at the volcano.
Menengai is considered one of the best-preserved Krakatau-style calderas in the world.
Menengai volcano photos by John Seach
Inside Menengai caldera, Kenya 2008
Hiking into Menengai crater, Kenya 2008
Inside Menengai crater, Kenya 2008
Caldera wall at Menengai, Kenya
Menengai crater, Kenya
Hiking in Menengai caldera, Kenya 2008
Menengai caldera wall
Crossing equator 17 km north of Menengai volcano
On the equator!
The south and western portions of the crater are complete. In the centre of the caldera there is a small cone rising above surrounding lava, which shows fumarolic activity. There have been four fumaroles measured with temperatures up to 94 deg C.
The pre-caldera volcanics have almost continuous exposure in the caldera wall from Lion's Head westwards to the west cliff. The maximum height of the present caldera wall is 300 m at Lion’s Head Cliff. About seventy lava flows cover the caldera floor.
Two post caldera maars are located south of Menengai and NW of Lake Nakuru. Magma was probably injected from beneath Menengai along a N-S trending fissure to produce the eruption.